A selected chronology of works
The Weary Blues, 1926.
Fine Clothes for the Jew, 1927.
Four Negro Poets, 1927.
Scottsboro Limited: Four Poems and Play In Verse, 1932.
Shakespeare in Harlem, 1942.
Freedom’s Plow, 1943.
Fields of Wonder, 1947.
One-Way Ticket, 1948.
Montage of a Dream Deferred, 1951.
Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods of Jazz, 1961.
Black Misery, 1969.
The Panther and the Lash: Poems for Our Time, 1969.
Opera and Drama
The Negro Mother and Other Dramatic Recitations, 1931.
Mule-Bone, (with Zora Neal Hurston), 1932.
Little Ham, 1936.
When Jack Hollers, 1936.
Don’t You Want to Be Free?, 1937.
Soul Gone Home, 1937.
Emperor of Haiti, 1938.
Front Porch, 1939.
The Sun Do Move, 1942.
Street Scene: An Opera in Two Acts (with Elmer Rice; music by Kurt Weill), 1947.
Troubled Island: An Opera in Three Acts (music by William G. Still), 1949.
Five Plays, 1963.
Jericho-Jim Crow, 1964.
Simple Speaks His Mind, 1950.
Laugh to Keep from Crying, 1952.
Simple Takes a Wife, 1953.
Simple Takes a Claim, 1957.
The Best of Simple, 1961.
Simple’s Uncle Sam, 1965.
The Ways of White Folks, 1934.
Proletarian Literature in the United States, 1935.
A New Song, 1938.
The Big Sea (autobiography), 1940.*
Sweet Flypaper of Life, 1955.
Tamborines to Glory, 1958.
The First Book of Africa, 1960.
Fight for Freedom, 1962.
Something in Common, 1963.
Jo Thomas, “Gathering Up Every Word of the Prolific Langston Hughes,” The New York Times, (July 31, 2001), pp. B1-B2, writes that the 35 books by Hughes published in his lifetime represent but half of his total production. The University of Missouri Press (Hughes was born in Joplin, MO) is now publishing the Complete Works of Langston Hughes, which will run 18 volumes when finished.
* The Vivian G. Harsh Research Collection of Afro-American History and Literature, the Chicago Public Library, located at 9525 S. Halsted St., Chicago, has all drafts of Hughes’ meticulously edited autobiography, The Big Sea, in its superb collection.